One of the easiest ways to get your kids interested in science is to show them how to make a tasty treat. In this experiment, we show you how chemical compounds can be broken down into different substances using only sugar, water and a pan. Taken from the book, "Science Experiments You Can Eat" by Vicki Cobbs, this experiment is easy, but should be conducted under adult supervision as it involves working over the stove.
- Pour 1/2 cup [brand:name] Extra Fine Granulated Sugar into a shallow pan and heat on medium-high while stirring. In about five to 10 minutes the sugar will start to melt and then will start to become darker and thinner.
- When it becomes straw-colored, you have a new substance....caramel!
- Turn the heat off and slowly add 1/2 cup cold water to the caramel. (Be careful when pouring the water because the caramel is hot and can splatter!)
- By cooling the caramel quickly with water, a brittle, edible candy will form...but keep stirring on low heat for about another ten minutes. The caramel chunk will soon dissolve into a carbon-water solution that is perfect for pouring into a cold glass of milk or using as a dip for fresh fruit slices.